EQ vs IQ: Everything you need to know
Guide·3 min read·16/02/22

EQ vs IQ: Everything you need to know

Intelligence quotient, or IQ, is in essence, a measure of one’s intelligence. The score represents an individuals ability to reason and make predictions from assimilating information- but is it still relevant today?

Experts have been hesitant to fully embrace IQ scores as a means to ascertain intelligence as surely it is far too broad a concept to quantify with a single number. In this article, we will discuss what areas of intelligence the test measures, how an IQ score is calculated and the importance of EQ vs IQ.

So what does an IQ test measure?

IQ tests are used to measure the ability of an individual to reason, solve problems and make predictions using information they have assimilated. Some experts suggest that it is not a true reflection of intelligence as there are other factors such as emotional intelligence and creativity which cannot be quantified by IQ scores. Of course, there are myriad forms of intelligence ranging from musical and emotional to linguistic-verbal, so it does seem like a tall order to demand that one test considers these vastly different components.

Areas measured in most IQ tests include:

  • Visual and spatial processing
  • Knowledge of the world
  • Verbal reasoning
  • Working memory and short-term memory

Are IQ tests still a good measure of intelligence today?

It is important to note that there's not one standard IQ test used across the board so although scoring does appear to be similar, there is scope for some variation. What's more, given that IQ tests fail to encompass the other aforementioned aspects of intelligence, if you're trying to accurately ascertain an individuals intelligence, avoid solely relying on their IQ score.

That said, IQ tests are still a valuable measure of cognitive ability and their results can be indicative of someone's potential. So if you're looking to get an idea as to how intellectually capable someone is, taking an IQ test may give you a decent indication. Historically, IQ has been viewed as the primary determinant of success. Children with high IQs were assumed to be destined for a life of accomplishment and achievement but of course, although an important element, a high IQ by no means guarantees lifelong success.

How are IQ tests calculated?

In short, IQ was calculated by dividing a person's mental age by their chronological age, multiplied by 100. So, a 10-year-old child with a cognitive age of 12 would have an IQ of 120. Nowadays, rather than scoring the test based on chronological age and mental age, the test taker's score is compared to the scores of others in the same age group.

EQ vs IQ

EQ, that is emotional intelligence, referring to a person's ability to perceive, evaluate, and express emotions has gained more traction in recent years. With particular interest coming from employers and an increasing number of companies using EQ tests as part of the hiring process, there's good reason to suggest that EQ is the most valuable soft skill out there and a good measure of another aspect of human intelligence.

EQ is measured not only by your ability to manage and control your own emotions but your awareness of your emotions and those of the people around you as well as your ability to apply emotion to your problem solving and thinking. The ability to take the lead in situations of conflict resolution, mediation, high-pressure situations and important business decisions is in high demand. Higher levels of EQ are also positively linked with better stress management and workplace satisfaction, it's no wonder hiring managers consider EQ to be more telling than IQ.

In short, IQ tests provide a glimpse into your ability to reason and think logically, but they don't tell the whole story. In order to measure all forms of intelligence, we need different tests.

Are IQ tests still relevant today?

That depends on who you ask. Undoubtedly, while IQ is still a valuable tool, it's no longer the only measure of intelligence that matters today. Research has shown that your IQ score remains relatively stable throughout life so it's a good tool for approximating cognitive ability and knowledge but lest we forget the power of EQ in determining aspects of intelligence.

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