What is meant by the term ‘differentiation’?
Currently in my final year studying Physics and Philosophy (MPhysPhil) at Oxford
Cellular differentiation is the process by which a cell becomes specialised in order to perform a specific function. This can occur in the human body as in the case of a liver cell a blood cell or a neuron. Most types of animal cells differentiate at an early stage. They become specialised for a particular function and cannot change into different types of cells. In mature animals, cell division is mainly restricted to replacement and repair. On the other hand, many plant cells keep the ability to differentiate. A stem cell is an undifferentiated type of cell which can be induced to become many other specialised cells.
Tony also answered
Asked in Biology 🌱
ASKED BY RAIABIOLOGY 🌱
What is the general product of a metal + acid?
The general formula is metal + acid -> salt + hydrogen gas For example Fe + 2HCI = FeCI2 + H2. The salt formed will vary depending on the acid and m...
ASKED BY XXALDIDXXBIOLOGY 🌱
What is photosynthesis?
Photosynthesis is a chemical reaction that happens in the leaves of a plant to food for it to survive. Photosynthesis takes place in the part of the...
ASKED BY ELLIEBIOLOGY 🌱
Do the cells in an asexual reproduction divide by mitosis or meiosi?
They would divide by mitosis. Examples include budding, hydras, vegetative propagation and strawberries. ...
ASKED BY JESSBIOLOGY 🌱
How do you work out the percentage of someone with blue eyes from a genetic diagram? (BB, BB, BB in a table?
If it’s just one characteristic the table is referred to as a monohybrid cross, so there should be four possible outcomes. For example if the parent...
ASKED BY ROSSBIOLOGY 🌱
Why is it necessary men having more red blood cells per cubic millimeter of blood than women?
Hi, women have reproductive cyclefor every 30days so they loose RBC.Thus less RBC are found in female mammals...
ASKED BY JAKEBIOLOGY 🌱
What is a eukaryote ?
A eukaryote is a cell (can also be a single cell organism) that has a membrane bound nucleus, organelles (little organs) and linear chromosomes (com...
ASKED BY FATMABIOLOGY 🌱
Where and how does pH affect carbohydrases?
Carbohydrases are enzymes that break down carbohydrates into smaller sugar molecules. They are usually made in the the pancreas and released into th...
ASKED BY FATMABIOLOGY 🌱
What happens to the fatty acids and glycerol once absorbed into the epithelium?
These two products of fat digestion, once absorbed by the epithelial cells of the small intestine, are re-formed and into triglycerides whilst insid...
ASKED BY PHOEBE-LILYBIOLOGY 🌱
Why is eating a healthy, balanced diet so important to the body?
Eating a healthy, balanced diet is an important part of maintaining good health, and can help you feel your best. This means eating a wide variety o...
ASKED BY SOPHIEBIOLOGY 🌱
What is Genetic Engineering?
Genetic engineering refers to direct manipulation process of the DNA to alter the characteristics of an organism (this can be of an animal, plant or...
Find me a tutor
We take your privacy seriously. View our policy.