What is the name of the organelle that makes proteins?
Ribosomes are membrane bound organelles found in eukaryotic cells and are the sites of protein synthesis. Proteins are made by a process called translation. The mRNA attaches to a ribosome. The ribosomes 'reads' the nucleotides on the mRNA in groups of 3 called base triplets/codons. Each triplet codes for a specific amino acid. The ribosome continues to 'read' the triplet code, adding more and more amino acids. The amino acids join together in chain. This is a protein.
The rough endoplasmic reticulum synthesises the most protein in the cell.
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