What structure stores DNA and genetic information for the cell?
DNA is made up of base pairs which, when put in a particular order, code for the production of a particular chain of amino acids (proteins). These long strands of DNA (which are essentially recipe books for proteins) are coiled up into structures called chromosomes. These come in pairs and human cells normally have 23 pairs or 46 in total. All these chromosomes are stored in the nucleus of each cell.
Get an answer in 5 minutes from expert tutors at Oxford, Cambridge, Imperial and more.