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First off, do you know what type of bonding is in lithium chloride? Since it’s made of a metal and a non-metal, it’s gonna be ionic bonding. Which means electrons are being transferred from one atom to another right? Which atom is going to lose electrons and which will gain, and how many? Lithium, being in group 1 has 1 electron in the outer shell. Chlorine in group 7 will have 7 electrons in the outer shell. So Lithium will lose that one, and chlorine will gain that one. Lithium therefore forms a 1+ ion and chlorine will make a 1- ion. There’ll be electrostatic forces or attraction between these two ions, holding the bond together.
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