What are examples of intransitive verbs, transitive verbs, direct objects, and indirect objects?
Transitive verbs are action verbs that have an object to receive that action: I baked some cookies. I rode the bicycle. I moved the chair. I stitched a quilt. Intransitive verbs are action verbs but unlike transitive verbs, they do not have an object receiving the action. Notice there are no words after the verb sang. Below are some examples of intransitive verbs: I laughed. I cried. The book fell. The horse galloped. The sun set. A direct object is the receiver of action within a sentence. The direct object in “He hit the ball” is the ball. Be careful to distinguish between a direct object and an object complement. While a direct object receives the action, a complement adds information to or renames, the object in question. Consider the following example: They named their daughter Natasha. In the above sentence, the daughter is the direct object and Natasha is the object complement, which describes the direct object. The indirect object identifies to or for whom or what the action of the verb is performed. The direct object and indirect object are different people, places or things. The direct objects in the sentences below are underlined; the indirect objects are in italics. The instructor gave his students A’s. Grandfather left Rosalita and Raoul all his money. Jo-Bob sold me her boat. Incidentally, the word me (and similar object-form pronouns such as him, us, them) is not always an indirect object; it will also serve, sometimes, as a direct object. Bless me/her/us! Call me/him/them if you have questions.
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