Get an answer in 5 minutes

We'll notify as soon as your question has been answered.

Plus iconAsk a question to our educators
HISTORY
Asked by Billy

How did the industrial revolution start off?

The main features involved in the Industrial Revolution were technological, socioeconomic, and cultural. The technological changes included the following: (1) the use of new basic materials, chiefly iron and steel, (2) the use of new energy sources, including both fuels and motive power, such as coal, the steam engine, electricity, petroleum, and the internal-combustion engine, (3) the invention of new machines, such as the spinning jenny and the power loom that permitted increased production with a smaller expenditure of human energy, (4) a new organization of work known as the factory system, which entailed increased division of labour and specialization of function, (5) important developments in transportation and communication, including the steam locomotive, steamship, automobile, airplane, telegraph, and radio, and (6) the increasing application of science to industry. These technological changes made possible a tremendously increased use of natural resources and the mass production of manufactured goods. There were also many new developments in nonindustrial spheres, including the following: (1) agricultural improvements that made possible the provision of food for a larger nonagricultural population, (2) economic changes that resulted in a wider distribution of wealth, the decline of land as a source of wealth in the face of rising industrial production, and increased international trade, (3) political changes reflecting the shift in economic power, as well as new state policies corresponding to the needs of an industrialized society, (4) sweeping social changes, including the growth of cities, the development of working-class movements, and the emergence of new patterns of authority, and (5) cultural transformations of a broad order. Workers acquired new and distinctive skills, and their relation to their tasks shifted; instead of being craftsmen working with hand tools, they became machine operators, subject to factory discipline. Finally, there was a psychological change: confidence in the ability to use resources and to master nature was heightened.

Tony's profile picture
Tony Kaffer
·

1.2k students helped

Get an answer in 5 minutes

We'll notify as soon as your question has been answered.

Plus iconAsk a question to our educators

Badge showing the text 'New'Learn with Video Lessons

A-Level Physical Chemistry
1hr 9m · 7 videos
Ibrahim's profile picture
Ibrahim Dangra
·

610 students helped

A-Level Physical Chemistry
GCSE Maths - Numbers
1hr 28m · 8 videos
Paja's profile picture
Paja Kruzikova
·

442 students helped

GCSE Maths - Numbers
How to Analyse (Unseen) Poetry
20m · 7 videos
Nina's profile picture
Nina Modak
·

2k students helped

How to Analyse (Unseen) Poetry
COVID-19 Guidance For Students
30m · 5 videos
Jackie's profile picture
Jackie Jones
·

800 students helped

COVID-19 Guidance For Students

Premium video lessons available now on Scoodle

50% discount available

Scoodle's video lessons make learning easy and fun. Try it for yourself, the first lesson is free!