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What did all the early governments of African kingdoms have in common?

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Answered Oct 18History
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Hunter MillerI am a talented linguist, born in Colombia, I am a Spanish native speaker with a basic level in French and English as independent user.

Ghana was the first kingdom of West Africa. Using the technology of storing grain and iron working, the kingdom gained ascendancy in West Africa. Then with a monopoly with a trade to the Islamic states became wealthy. The West African Kingdom would trade gold, ivory and slaves, for salt, manufactured goods, and cloth. These precious goods from the north would then be traded with other tribes in Western Africa adding to the wealth. The Niger River was instrumental in moving goods within West Africa. Ghana was replaced by Mali as the dominant force in West Africa. Mali continued the same pattern of trade with the Islamic States. One of the kings of Mali Masa Musa ( meaning Great King) even travelled to Mecca bringing immense amounts of gold and slaves to the north Mali was conquered by the Kingdom of Songhai. This kingdom followed the same pattern of trading gold, ivory and slaves with the north. The Niger River continued to be the main source of trade within Western Africa. Then the Islamic Kingdom of Morocco decided to cut out the middleman. The Islamic Kingdom of Morocco destroyed the Songhai empire. However, the other Western African kingdoms and tribes wouldn't trade with the Moroccans and the Gold Salt trade dissolved. All three of the Western African kingdoms depended on the Gold Salt trade and control of the Niger River to dominate West Africa.