What effect do you think that trench warfare had on morale?
This question depends on the depth you need for the answer, and on which war you are talking about. The most effective general answer to this question is that trench warfare had an enormously negative effect on morale, particularly in the colder months. Trenches, although they were a reasonable guard against being shot by the enemies’ ammunition, had awful conditions for the men within it. The drainage systems were terrible, when it rained men got trench foot, and wet and muddy places where there is food and human activity attracted rat infestations. Morale was tremendously difficult to keep high in the trenches, it was mostly down to individuals and their officers to keep themselves entertained in order to boost morale. Attempts by the government were made to boost it through things like propaganda, but whether they were effective in raising it is strongly debated.
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