What was the reasons for the fall of the Abbasid Caliphate?
Although the Abbasids ruled the Muslim world for almost more than 500 years, their gradual decline started almost from the beginning of their rule. Several reasons can be attributed to this decline, such as: Their differences with the Shia; although the Shia and Abbasids were allies during the Hashemite movement that brought the end of Ummayad Caliphate, later on, differences began to start after a few years of the Empire resulting in weakening of the empire. Differences also began to appear between the Abbasids and their supporters including the Turks, Persians and people from Khurasan which destabilized the caliphate internally. Lastly, the Mongol invasion resulted in the loss of their power completely.
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