Asked by JamieHistory ๐Ÿ•Œ

Why did slavery in the Deep South grow so rapidly between 1789 and 1838?

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Christine Harris

Iโ€™m a recent Graduate of BSc Economics and Business with four years experience tutoring GCSE/ iGCSE Business Studies.

Slavery did not become a force in the northern colonies mainly because of economic reasons. Cold weather and poor soil could not support such a farm economy as was found in the South. As a result, the North came to depend on manufacturing and trade. People had been growing and using cotton forever, but it was difficult to get a lot of it. It was taxing to pick and difficult to process. The fields where it grew best were hot, wet, pestilential and prone to disease; you couldnโ€™t pay workers enough to work in them. But gradually, in the early years of the 18th century, shipping and weaving methods became good enough to make cotton profitable enough that a second option became available. You still couldnโ€™t pay people enough to work in the cotton fields, but you COULD hire guards and pay THEM enough to FORCE other people to do it. Slavery was a business.

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