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HISTORY
Asked by Abdalla

Why did Stalin abolish the New Economic Policy in 1928 (Russian Communism)?

Some people believe that the New Economic Policy was a temporary concession to the various peoples living under the USSR until the USSR could create a strong enough power to rule effectively. This was important as they needed something to help the economy recover. The NEP faced issues because they struggled to gain enough grain supplies from the peasantry to feed its work force. In 1928–29 these grain shortages prompted Joseph Stalin to forcibly eliminate the private ownership of farmland and to collectivize agriculture under the state’s control. Because the immediate move to more centralized planning had failed immediately after the institution of Communist rule, it was believed that concessions were needed to be granted to the various nationalities who lived under the USSR. By doing this, the Communist Party sought to create a base of loyal citizens and this also granted them time to build up and centralize their power. Once Stalin was firmly in power and had no more serious competitors for the leadership position, he was able to eliminate the NEP effectively.

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Ismail Jeilani
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