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PHYSICS
Asked by Max

What are the relative positions of the sun, Earth, and moon at the times of lunar and solar eclipses, as well as new, first-quarter, full, and last-quarter phases of the moon?

When the new moon comes between the Earth and the Sun along the ecliptic, a solar eclipse is produced. When the Earth comes between the full moon and the Sun along the ecliptic, a lunar eclipse occurs. - A full moon is the lunar phase seen when the whole of the Moon’s lit side is facing Earth. This phase happens when Earth is between the Moon and the Sun. - About one week later, the Moon enters the quarter-moon phase. At this point, the Moon appears as a half-circle, since only half of the Moon’s lit surface is visible from Earth. -When the Moon moves between Earth and the Sun, the side facing Earth is completely dark. This is called the new moon phase, and we do not usually see the Moon at this point. -The last Quarter Moon occurs the moment the opposite half of the Moon is illuminated compared to the First Quarter Moon. At first quarter and last quarter, the Moon lies perpendicular to a line between Earth and the Sun.

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Divya Baji
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