What is the difference between intermolecular forces and bonds?
Intermolecular forces involve the interactions between molecules when they come into close enough proximity of each other. These forces could be london dispersion forces, induced dipole, dipole-dipole and are to do with the favourable attraction between areas of high electron density (negative) and areas of low electron density (positive). Eg. Dipoles result in different atoms having a slight negative and positive charge within a covalent bond, and ions have positive or negative charges. These forces can lead to intermolecular bonds such as hydrogen bonds (a result of dipoles) or very strong ionic bonds (a result of the electrostatic interactions between positively and negatively charged ions)
Intermolecular forces such as London forces, permanent dipole-dipole and H-bonds holds molecules together in liquid or solid. Chemical bonds hold atoms or ions together, and chemical bonds are much stronger than intermolecular forces, i.e chemical bonds require more energy to break compare to intermolecular force.
Intermolecular forces are the forces that hold two or more molecules together. A chemical bond is an attractive force between two or more atoms.
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