Asked by EmmaPsychology 🧠

If the short-term memory is acoustically encoded, why in studies such as Baddeley, have they found acoustically similar words to be harder to recall?

Profile picture

Felicia Jones

I am an experienced tutor, having taught over 25 students, ranging from ages 11-18 in a number of subjects.

Portraying Studies should be possible by following the example of A-P-R-C, which remains for Points, Methodology, Results, Ends. "Methods" is a term that regularly covers Points and Methodology, while "Findings" covers Results and Ends. Point To see whether LTM encodes acoustically (in view of sound) or semantically (in light of significance). This is finished by giving members word records that are comparable in the manner in which they sound (acoustic) or their importance (semantic); if the members battle to review the word arrange, it proposes LTM is confounded by the comparability which implies this is the means by which LTM has a tendency to encode. IV This lab explore has a few IVs. (1) Acoustically comparable word list or acoustically divergent; (2) semantically comparable word list or semantically unique; (3) execution before 15 minutes "overlooking" postponement and execution after. IVs (1) and (2) are tried utilizing Autonomous Gatherings plan yet IV (3) is tried through Rehashed Measures. DV Score on a reviewing trial of 10 words; words must be reviewed in the right request (extremely, this is a trial of recollecting the word arrange, not simply the words) Test People from the Cambridge College subject board (for the most part understudies); they were volunteers. There were 72 out and out, a blend of people. There were 15-20 in each condition (15 in Acoustically Comparative, 16 in Semantically Comparative). Method The members are part into four gatherings, as per IV (1) and (2). Each gathering perspectives a slideshow of an arrangement of 10 words. Each word shows up for 3 seconds. In the Acoustically Comparable condition, the members get a rundown of words that offer a comparative sound (man, taxi, can, max, and so forth) however the Control amass get words that are on the whole straightforward one syllable words yet they don't sound the equivalent (pit, few, cow, pen, and so forth). In the Semantically Comparative condition, the words share a comparable significance (awesome, vast, enormous, colossal, and so on) yet the Control assembles get words that are detached (great, immense, hot, safe, and so on). The members in each of the 4 conditions at that point complete an "obstruction test" which includes hearing at that point recording 8 numbers three times. At that point, they review the words from the slideshow altogether. There are four "preliminaries" and (as you would expect) the members' improve each time they do it on the grounds that the words remain the equivalent. The words themselves are shown on signs around the room so the members just need to focus on getting the Request of the words right, not recalling the words themselves. After the fourth preliminary, the members get a 15-minute break and play out a random impedance errand. At that point, they are requested to review the rundown once more. This fifth and last preliminary is unforeseen. The words themselves are still in plain view; it is the request of the words the members need to review. Results Baddeley was intrigued to see whether Acoustic or Semantic Similitude made it harder to take in the words. He analyzed the scores of the members in the Comparative and Control conditions and gave careful consideration to whether they reviewed also in the fifth "overlooking" preliminary or whether there was a drop-off in scores.

Felicia also answered

Asked in Psychology 🧠



What is the difference between pyscology and psychiatry ?

The first thing is: a psychologist has a degree in Psychology. A psychiatrist has a degree in Medicine. A psychologist doesn’t give you any medical ...



Can you explain determinism and reductionism in terms of behaviourism? And why they are limitations?

Reductionism is breaking down complex behaviour into several factors making it easy to test and creates a cause and effect relationship. E.g. behavi...



Can you explain reductionism in terms of the cognitive approach?

Cognitive approach suggests all behaviour is due to faulty thinking. It emphasises the idea that impaired thought processes lead to any abnormalitie...



Can someone try to describe or explain LOVE??

Love can be described, in my opinion, as a feeling, sensation or belief that one may feel. It’s not only the emotion that you feel for another perso...



What kind of work experience can you get for psychology?

Well it depends on what field your looking to go into. Psychology branches off into many different sectors but work experience for psychology would ...



What qualifications do I need to be a therapist or a councillor?

A relevant degree or professional qualification in social work, psychology, medicine or mental health. experience of working with vulnerableadults o...



How do you deal with school work and feeling down at the same time (e.g when youre heavily unmotivated)?

For whatever reason, we don’t do what we’re meant to do. It’s sometimes because we don’t enjoy it, it’s sometimes because we find it difficult, it’s...



Ok so it’s not school related but how do i build up my self confidence as there is a girl I like but I’m too scared to ask for her number as I’m terrified I get rejected?

Show her that you want to get to know her and that you're not just in it for a one off. Also, as corny as it sounds, being yourself is the best thin...



What courses or unis should I go to if I wanted to be a counsellor or some sort of support for thegay, lesbian and trans teenagers/young adults? As a trans guy who is proud of it, I'm willing to help others in this and would like to know what course would help support young LGBT+ people. I'm also thinking about going into the mental health aspects as well? As some sort of therapist maybe??

Hey there 🙂 Great question! It depends exactly what you want to do. If you would like to be a counsellor, you need to do a psychology degree or com...



What is a limitation of the behaviourist approach in psychology?

The behaviourist approach emphasises that Psychology should be seen as a science and that behaviour is learned through the environment, by collectin...

Find me a tutor

We take your privacy seriously. View our policy.