Describe in detail, the functions of the reproductive organs (testes, sperm ducts, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, urethra, and penis) and how each organ works together in the reproductive system?
I have recently graduated from Imperial College London with an Upper Second Class degree in Biochemistry
The motivation behind the organs of the male conceptive framework is to play out the accompanying capacities: To deliver, keep up, and transport sperm (the male regenerative cells) and defensive liquid (semen) To release sperm inside the female conceptive tract amid sex To deliver and discharge male sex hormones in charge of keeping up the male conceptive framework Dissimilar to the female regenerative framework, the vast majority of the male conceptive framework is situated outside of the body. These outside structures incorporate the penis, scrotum, and gonads. Penis: This is the male organ utilized in sex. It has three sections: the root, which appends to the mass of the mid-region; the body, or shaft; and the glans, or, in other words, formed part toward the finish of the penis. The glans, additionally called the leader of the penis, is secured with a free layer of skin called prepuce. This skin is some of the time evacuated in a strategy called circumcision. The opening of the urethra, the tube that vehicles semen and pee, is at the tip of the penis. The glans of the penis likewise contains various touchy nerve endings. The body of the penis is round and hollow fit as a fiddle and comprises of three roundabout molded loads. These chambers are comprised of extraordinary, wipe like tissue. This tissue contains a huge number of huge spaces that load up with blood when the man is explicitly excited. As the penis loads up with blood, it winds up unbending and erect, which takes into consideration entrance amid sex. The skin of the penis is free and versatile to suit changes in penis estimate amid an erection. Semen, which contains sperm (regenerative cells), is ousted (discharged) through the finish of the penis when the man achieves sexual peak (climax). At the point when the penis is erect, the stream of pee is obstructed from the urethra, enabling just semen to be discharged at the climax. Scrotum: This is the free pocket like a sac of skin that hangs behind and beneath the penis. It contains the gonads (additionally called testicles), and also numerous nerves and veins. The scrotum goes about as a \"climate control system\" for the testicles. For ordinary sperm improvement, the testicles must be at a temperature marginally cooler than body temperature. Extraordinary muscles in the mass of the scrotum enable it to contract and unwind, drawing the gonads nearer to the body for warmth or more distant far from the body to cool the temperature. Balls (testicles): These are oval organs about the measure of vast olives that lie in the scrotum, anchored at either end by a structure called the spermatic rope. Most men have two testicles. The testicles are in charge of making testosterone, the essential male sex hormone, and for creating sperm. Inside the testicles are looped masses of tubes called seminiferous tubules. These tubes are in charge of delivering sperm cells.
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