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Mitosis and meiosis are nuclear division processes that occur during cell division. Mitosis involves the division of body cells, while meiosis involves the division of sex cells. The division of a cell occurs once in mitosis but twice in meiosis. Two daughter cells are produced after mitosis and cytoplasmic division, while four daughter cells are produced after meiosis. Daughter cells resulting from mitosis are diploid, while those resulting from meiosis are haploid. Daughter cells that are the product of mitosis are genetically identical. Daughter cells produced after meiosis are genetically diverse. While the processes of mitosis and meiosis contain a number of differences, they are also similar in many ways. Both processes have a growth period called interphase, in which a cell replicates its genetic material and organelles in preparation for division.
Meiosis is a type of cell division that gives four “daughter” cells with half the number of chromosomes as the original “parent” cell. This is mainly to produce haploid gametes (sex cells). Interphase is the phase where a cell prepares for cell division and conducts normal cell functions like respiration. It would be easier to compare meiosis and mitosis as they are both types of cell division whereas interphase could be viewed as just a stage in a cell’s division