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SOCIOLOGY
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What is the Marxist perspective of crime?

Marxism is a theory which is critical of unequal class relations under capitalism. Marxism argues that working class criminals committing petty crimes are often treated more harshly than middle or upper class offenders. This is because the upper class have economic, social and cultural power, which means they are less likely to be regarded as guilty, and are not the targets of policing. As a result, it appears that working class people commit more crime, however this is not the case. Indeed, Marxists argue that crimes committed by professionals, business owners and those in high brow positions (what is known as “white collar crime”) go undetected. Neo-Marxists argue that crime may also be the result of working class tensions and dissatisfaction. The working class (proletariat) may be driven to commit crimes as rebellion against the capitalist state.

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Mabelle House
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Marxist theory is critical of Capitalism and those belonging to the ruling capitalist class (the “bourgeoisie”). Under Marxism, capitalism is regarded as an economic system which oppresses the working class (the “proletariat”)and prevents them from revolting against the unjust social order. Marx discussed that as the bourgeoisie seek to make as much profit as possible, they exploit their proletariat workers through low pay, longer hours, and reducing their rights, etc. Furthermore, workers remain compliant under these exploitative conditions because they are pacified and given a false idea that they are treated fairly. This takes place via various “ideological state apparatuses” such as in the education system, whereby children are taught to become compliant to authority (I.e. listening to teachers, wearing uniform, etc.). For more detailed information on Marxism, please request a tutoring session with me.

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Mabelle House
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Marxists essentially see crime and deviance as defined by the ruling class and used as a means of social control – if you don’t conform then you will be punished. Institutions such as the police, the justice system, prisons and schools, the family and religion are there to encourage you to conform. They argue that white collar crimes (which tend to be committed by the more powerful in society) are ignored, while crimes committed by the less powerful in society such as burglary and street crime are focussed on and seen as more serious. Marxists would also argue that different social classes are policed differently, with the working class heavily policed in the expectation that they will be more criminal and therefore raising the chances of their crimes being detected. As a side note, Marxists argue that a socialist society with communal ownership of the means of production would have much less crime. The implication of such views is that the solution to the "crime problem" is to engage in a socialist revolution. A different issue emerges by applying Marx's theory of alienation.

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David Mageller
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I am a home and online tutor based in Ilford for KS2, KS3 & GCSE - Maths, English and Science, and A-Level tuition for Maths, English Literature, Law, Psychology and Sociology. Graduate Teaching Assistant at City University. 7 years experience. DBS checked. Currently studying postgraduate law GDL at City University. Strong academic background: 8 As at GCSE, ABBC at A-Level, First Class undergraduate degree - BSc Criminology and Sociology with Quantitative Methods. I provide tuition tailored to the individual child's need on what skills and topics they require to improve. My approach is very focused on building your child's confidence in their academic abilities, and whilst teaching content and exam technique, also equipping your child with study skills that will assist them long into the future. Subjects Taught: - Maths - English - Science - Biology, Chemistry, Physics - Law - Sociology - Psychology - Political Science Tuition Rates: Primary up to GCSE - £11-£15p/h A-Level - £20p/h University level - £25p/h Experience: Core Subjects - Maths, English & Science: I have been tutoring for approximately 7 years now. I have tutored a wide variety of ages and children, particularly I have experience with KS2 SATs preparation for Year 5 & 6 children, and GCSE teaching and technique for Year 9-11, as well as teaching foundation knowledge and consolidating school topics covered in Year 7 and 8. As I have studied English Literature, Maths and Further Maths at A-Level, I am well-placed to teach maths and english sessions. I also have experience teaching GCSE Science sessions and achieved A grades in Biology, Chemistry and Physics at GCSE level myself. Law, Sociology, Psychology, Politics: Having successfully achieved a Distinction in my Undergraduate degree, I secured a Graduate Teaching Assistant role with my University, teaching on a Statistics based Sociology module. Hence, I am well placed to help social science, politics, and psychology students with report writing, essay writing, and research methods at A-Level and University level. I am currently undertaking my postgraduate law conversion course (GDL). Having achieved a Distinction (75%) in formative Land Law coursework, I am able to provide support to Law students at university or A-Level. My approach for law is to take you through core principles and cases, whilst really enabling you to summarise key information and synthesise academic arguments in order to effectively answer problem questions and essays. Online Experience: Due to the current coronavirus situation, all of my tuition lessons have moved online. I have experience tutoring online with Peer Tutor and am familiar with e.g. Liveboard, Skype and have good organisation and plans in place to deliver lessons effectively online. This includes preparation of sessions in advance, emailing resources, and using online platforms like Liveboard e.g. to provide a whiteboard space which both me (the tutor) and your child can see and follow.

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