History A-Level: Impact of the Great War on British Politics 1. For what reasons was it decided to form a coalition government in May 1915?/ 2. For what reasons did Lloyd George replace Asquith as Prime Minister in December 1916?/ 3. How did the war affect: a) The Liberal Party b) The Conservatives c) Labor/ 4. What was the ‘Coupon Election’ of December 1918 and what do you think its significance was for British political life?
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History A-Level: Various ways in which WW1 caused the State to take a greater role in people’s lives
Asked by Jeniffer
Can anyone summarize the Spanish Inquisition?
Basically with the expulsion of Moors and Jews from Spain the Spanish Inquisition was a tribunal started in 1478 in Spain. It was started by Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile, and sanctioned by the then Pope. During this period cruel punishment including public burning of suspects (called heretics) accused of non genuine conversion to Roman Catholicism. This lasted for many years but was abolished in 1834.
Asked by Liam
Why did Emperor Constantine begin to accept Christianity in the Roman Empire?
The story goes that before the Battle of Milvian Bridge, in 312 CE, Constantine had a vision of Chi Rho (used to symbolise Christ). Upon victory, the emperor would have converted and recognised the power of the Christian God. In 313 CE, he signed the Edict of Milan extending religious toleration to Christians. Christianity became the state religion in 380 CE, under Emperor Theodosius. There is significant debate, however, as to whether he extended toleration due to religious fervour or political expediency. Religion is, after all, a very strong force both for support and unity, and also, as it was perceived at the time, as something to be feared (should the Empire be seen as inimical to the Christian God). Nor was Constantine the first to try and institutionalise religion in the Roman Empire. Emperor Decius attempted to install, regulate, and legislate upon a religion (requiring of all citizens to w to the emperor). After all, the bond of religion in ancient times was different from how we conceive modern religion. Loyalty and allegiance were the words of the day, rather than « belief » (which was popularised in the eighteenth century); this difference entails that faith was more communal and collective than it was internal and individual. Religion was also perceived as very contractual. Nevertheless, Constantine’s continued favouring of Christianity and eventual baptism seem to point to a genuine conversion. But the possibility of there having been political motives involved as well remains.
Asked by James
How did the Allied bombing of Germany in 1942 change the war?
Hello James, It is a challenging question to answer so sorry for my long reply but I hope it is helpful. Strategic bombing was a new way of waging war in the Second World War, and required time and resources to mature. The German Luftwaffe in 1939 and 1940 began it (Warsaw, Rotterdam, and the Battle of Britain). The RAF had restrained itself from bombing German cities until May 1940. British heavy bomber designs were more advanced than those of the Axis nations. A heavy bomber is a 'bomb truck' whose usefulness is ability to carry heavy loads for long distances, the versatility needed of medium bombers is unnecessary. However, the British soon learned that loss rates were too high if they attacked in daylight. After a year (1940-41) they found their accuracy at night was very poor as fewer than 50% of their bombs landed within three miles of their targets. In 1941-2, the RAF slowly introduced Pathfinders (aircraft with excellent navigators) to mark target cities with flares at night, brought in better bombers and built up their strength. In 1942, the US joined the offensive, but preferred to use heavy bombers like the B-17, which had heavy defensive armament and - as the theory went -- could reach the target in daylight if they flew in dense formations. In 1943, the USAAF finally started bombing cities in Germany, but it was the British use of new radars (Oboe, H2S) that really alarmed Germany as the RAF was finally causing real destruction on the cities they attacked. The Hamburg Raids of August 1943 gutted much of the city and killed tens of thousands of people. In 1944, the RAF raids could involve over 1,000 heavy bombers at night, and the USAAF would come with even more by day. A growing number of escort fighters and night-intruders also did much to lower the loss rate. Just prior to D-Day the bombing campaign began to focus on two major targets: Railroad hubs, and Germany's synthetic oil plants. By late 1944 Germany lost an increasing amount of its railroad capacity and its war-machine ran low on fuel. Germany -- particularly after 1943 --also pulled most of its fighter planes from the front lines to defend its cities, and needed tens of thousands of anti-aircraft guns for air defence. This made a significant difference on the battlefields on both fronts.
Asked by Rachel
I’m kind of stuck with what to write for this 12 mark question: ‘Which of the following was the most important reason why Hitler was able to become Fuhrer by August 1934; the Reichstag fire or The Night of the Long Knifes?’?
1st Paragraph: introduction summarising all your points, what was the Reichstag Fire if you can remember the date that’s a bonus, the same for the night of the long knives. 2nd Paragraph: Why was the Reichstag fire important to hitler coming to power? 3rd Paragraph: Why was the night if the long knives important? 4th Paragraph: conclude, which was most important and why. Use the line “I think .... was the most important to Hitler becoming fuhrer as although both events helped him gain power, the ..... was more integral to him rising to power. I think this because.....” I think I might have actually done this for my GCSE revision so if you wanted to book a tutoring session we could go through this and make a more in depth plan.
Asked by Rachel
How long should a 12 mark question take in History? (AQA GCSE)?
It's difficult to say exactly because it depends on how fast you write. Generally, 1 to 2 pages is a good indicator. Here's an example of a structure you could use: Sample question: Salahuddeens role in the failure to capture Jerusalem. Introduction: What is the definition of “main reason”? What is your short answer to the question? Paragraph 1: Some historians have argued that Saladin’s leadership was the main reason for the failure to capture Jerusalem. This can be argued because… Counterpoint: However, this is not an effective argument because… (Reference your definition of main reason) Paragraph 2: However, it is clear that Saladin’s leadership was less important than the weakness of the crusading army. This can be argued because… Finish paragraph by linking back to definition of “main reason” and explaining why this is more important that Saladin’s. Paragraph 3: It is also clear that Saladin’s leadership was also less important than Richard’s leadership for the failure of the Crusading army. This can be argued because... Finish paragraph by linking back to definition of “main reason” and explaining why this is more important that Saladin’s. Conclusion Overall, it is clear that Saladin’s leadership was/wasn’t the main reason Refer back to your definition of “main reason” when justifying